Solids hold their shape and have a fixed volume. The molecules in solids are packed closely together and cannot be moved. Solids also have slow diffusion and low vapor pressure.Know More
Solids are one of the three main states of matter; the others are liquids and gases. Matter consists of atoms, which are the smallest particles of matter. Unlike solids, liquids and gases do not hold their shape at room temperature. There are spaces between the atoms of liquids that continuously move. Liquids flow and take the shape of their container, and they are affected by gravity. Gases are always moving, and they have large gaps between their atoms. They take on the shape of their container and can be compressed into a smaller area.
Matter can change from one state to another. This change of state is called a phase change, and it is a physical change. Matter can be changed from one phase to another by altering temperature or pressure. Water is the only matter on earth that can be found naturally in all three states. Other matter changes also, but it usually only exists in two of the three states or requires the assistance of human technology to move through all three states.Learn more about States of Matter
Particles in a solid are usually packed close together, with a regular arrangement. While they do vibrate slightly, they do not move from place to place.Full Answer >
The state of matter with a fixed volume and shape is solid. The particles of which a solid is made are tightly packed and rigid. They do not move from place to place.Full Answer >
A liquid is converted to a solid through the phase transition of freezing. All materials have a specific freezing point at which the kinetic energy is low enough for the phase transition to occur. When the temperature is lowered below the freezing point, a liquid is converted to a solid.Full Answer >
At room temperature, phosphorus is a red, white or colorless solid. White phosphorus is poisonous, ignites spontaneously in air and has a waxy texture. Touching it causes burns. Red phosphorus is non-toxic and not as flammable as white phosphorus. Pure phosphorus is both colorless and transparent.Full Answer >