One of the unique characteristics of water is that it is found in three different states at surface temperatures of the Earth: gas, liquid and solid. Additionally, its specific heat capacity is much higher than that of other substances.Know More
At 1 calorie per gram degrees Celsius, its heat capacity is five times higher than that of aluminum.
On account of the hydrogen bonds in the H2O molecule, water has a high boiling point, which makes it turn into water vapor at very high temperatures (212 degrees F). Water is also characterized by capillary action, a phenomenon that occurs when water climbs upward in small spaces, thus defying gravity due to forces of adhesion and surface tension.Learn more about States of Matter
All physical matter has mass, weight, volume and density. Matter also has certain characteristics restricted only to specific physical states. Physical matter is made up of atoms, minuscule particles that form physical structures via their electrically charged attraction to one another.Full Answer >
Solids hold their shape and have a fixed volume. The molecules in solids are packed closely together and cannot be moved. Solids also have slow diffusion and low vapor pressure.Full Answer >
Liquids consists of particles that are close together with no set arrangement, can flow easily, can take on the shape of any container it occupies and cannot be compressed easily. There are three main states of matter: solids, liquids and gases. Liquids are considered the second state, between solids and gases.Full Answer >
Solid, liquid, and gas are the three familiar phases in which matter is normally found on Earth. Solids are rigid and maintain their shapes and volumes, liquids have fixed volumes but change to fit the shape of their containers, and gases expand to fill the full volume of their containers.Full Answer >