Baking soda, scientifically known as sodium bicarbonate, is the composite of sodium hydrogen carbonate and has the formula NaHCO3. It is a fine, white, powdery substance most commonly used for a variety of household reasons.
Sodium bicarbonate is used daily in many households. It is commonly used in cooking recipes, as it acts as a leavening agent against the acidic ingredients. Baking soda is also a staple in a variety of cleaning chores due to its ability to neutralize odors and lift stains. In some instances, it is also used for various hygienic reasons and can commonly be found in toothpaste.