The main functional group of alcohols is the hydroxyl group, written as "-OH". There are many different types of alcohol and molecular formulas vary based on the number of carbon atoms and the placement of the –OH group in the molecule.
Ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol, is a common alcohol produced by fermentation of sugars such as barley and grapes. Ethanol is found in alcoholic beverages such as beer and wine. The chemical formula for ethanol is CH3CH2OH; this formula can also be written as a condensed structural formula, C2H5OH. The molecular formula for ethanol is C2H6O. Other alcohols include methanol (CH3OH) and propan-1-ol (CH3CH2CH2OH).Learn More
The empiric formula of acetone is C3H6O. Acetone is the simplest of the ketones, consisting of two methyl groups attached to a carbonyl group (C=O). Ketones are organic compounds with the general formula RC=OR'.Full Answer >
The chemical equation for ADP to ATP is written as ADP + Pi + energy ? ATP. In other words, adenosine diphosphate plus a phosphate molecule and energy yields adenosine triphosphate.Full Answer >
The formula for aluminum chloride is written as AlCl3. This means there are three atoms of chlorine for every atom of aluminum in the compound.Full Answer >
The molecular formula for silver nitrite is written as AgNO2. Ag is the chemical symbol for silver, N is the chemical symbol for nitrogen and O is the chemical symbol for oxygen.Full Answer >