There is more than one kind of sugar, but the chemical formula for ordinary table sugar or sucrose is C12H22O11. Sucrose is a disaccharide, or a chemical composed of two sugars. "Di" means two, and "saccharide" means sugar.
Sucrose is made by using a condensation reaction to combine moderately sweet glucose and very sweet fructose, both monosaccharides. The condensation reaction eliminates a water molecule.
There are other types of sugars, such as galactose, maltose and lactose.
Glucose, galactose and fructose, all monosaccharides, have the same molecular formula but vary in molecular structure.
Lactose, sucrose and maltose, three common disaccharides, also have the same molecular formula but different structural formula.Learn More
Halogens include the elements chlorine, bromine and iodine, which form Group 7 in the periodic table of elements. Halogens vary in size, weight and other physical characteristics, but share several commonalities. All halogens are diatomic, which means they appear as molecules and have pairs of atoms.Full Answer >
There are three primary components inside an atom: neutrons, electrons and protons. The neutrons have no charge, while the protons have a positive charge and electrons have a negative charge. The neutrons and protons exist in a dense center area called the nuclei, while the electrons exist in another space, called orbitals, around the nuclei.Full Answer >
Covalent bonding describes the process where two atoms form a bond by sharing one or more electrons in order to fill up their outer orbital and become more stable. Covalent bonding typically occurs between two non-metals, which are mostly located on the right side of the periodic table.Full Answer >
Chemical properties of radium are its high reactivity and that it continuously breaks down and changes into other elements. Most radium isotopes, or atoms that have a different number of neutrons than the normal radium atom, are unstable and radioactive.Full Answer >