There is more than one kind of sugar, but the chemical formula for ordinary table sugar or sucrose is C12H22O11. Sucrose is a disaccharide, or a chemical composed of two sugars. "Di" means two, and "saccharide" means sugar.
Sucrose is made by using a condensation reaction to combine moderately sweet glucose and very sweet fructose, both monosaccharides. The condensation reaction eliminates a water molecule.
There are other types of sugars, such as galactose, maltose and lactose.
Glucose, galactose and fructose, all monosaccharides, have the same molecular formula but vary in molecular structure.
Lactose, sucrose and maltose, three common disaccharides, also have the same molecular formula but different structural formula.Learn More
The chemical formula for magnesium oxide is MgO. It is an inorganic compound found in nature in the mineral periclase. Its atomic weight is 40.3044 grams per mole.Full Answer >
The chemical formula for zinc carbonate is ZnCO3. Zinc carbonate is also referred to as zinc monocarbonate, zinc spar and natural smithsonite. It is an odorless compound, insoluble in alcohol and ammonia and soluble in diluted acids.Full Answer >
The chemical formula for sodium bicarbonate is NaHCO3. The common name of this substance is baking soda, and its chemical name is sodium hydrogen carbonate.Full Answer >
Potassium nitrate has a chemical formula of KNO3. The chemical formula is derived from the compound's combination of the potassium ion, written as K with a charge of plus one, and nitrate, written with the formula NO3-, indicating that the ion carries a charge of minus one.Full Answer >