The chemical name for washing soda, also called sodium carbonate, is Na2CO3. Another name for sodium carbonate is soda ash, which also has a pH of 11.6. This compound is white, odorless and soluble in water.
Many countries, such as the United States, Mexico, China and South Africa, have large deposits of sodium carbonate that is usually found in a mineral called trona. Other sources of sodium carbonate are sodium carbonate-rich bodies of water.
Sodium carbonate is used in glass manufacturing, explosives, the chemical industry and the manufacture of synthetic rubber. In household contexts, soda ash is used in water softeners and detergents.Learn More
Iron rusts when it comes in contact with oxygen and water. It rusts faster in acid rain and salty water. Both oxygen and water are necessary for rusting, which is an oxidation reaction.Full Answer >
Aluminum reacts with oxygen to form a layer of aluminum oxide on the outside of the metal, according to HowStuffWorks. This thin layer protects the underlying metal from corrosion caused by oxygen, water or other chemicals. Aluminum burns in oxygen with a white flame to form the trioxide aluminum (III) oxide, says WebElements. Chemists write the chemical reaction between aluminum and oxygen as: 4Al+ 3O2 = 2Al2O3.Full Answer >
Boron was discovered in 1808. French chemists Joseph-Louis Gay-Lussac and Louis-Jaques Thénard and English chemist Sir Humphry Davy independently isolated the element, and all three are credited with its discovery.Full Answer >
Noble gases are inert due to their complete electron shells. Their stable atomic structure makes the energy required to add or remove an electron prohibitively high, so the noble gases do not form compounds in natural conditions.Full Answer >