Chemical reactions that produce heat are called exothermic reactions. Exothermic reactions involve physical or chemical changes that generate heat in various quantities, which is then dispersed into the surrounding environment. Exothermic reactions come in several forms, and require more energy to occur than they produce.Know More
Exothermic reactions take place throughout the world and may occur in the water, land, and in the atmosphere. Examples of exothermic reactions include combustion reactions of fuels, the addition of concentrated acid to water (also called neutralization), the burning of certain substances, and the addition of water to anhydrous copper sulfate. Most exothermic reactions take place when triggered by an external catalyst, although some come from internally produced sources of heat, such as the eruption of volcanoes.
The reaction that occurs when metals oxidize and corrode is another type of an exothermic reaction, as respiration and even the decomposition of decaying plant and food matter into compost or humus. Some exothermic reactions, such as the combustion of fuels in car and plane engines, take place through mechanical means. Others, such as the decomposition of vegetable matter to waste, occur solely through natural forces. Exothermic reactions are the opposite of endothermic reactions, which result in systems absorbing heat energy from their surroundings.Learn more about Science
Five chemical reactions that can be done at home are an erupting volcano, melting a foam cup with acetone, pouring vinegar on rocks to test for calcium carbonate, destructing black ink and rusting steel wool. These little experiments are simple and use common household products.Full Answer >
Enzymes speed up chemical reactions by lowering activation rates. In general, the lower amount of activation energy that a potential reaction has, the faster the rate of reaction will be. Enzymes change shape during the reaction process, which allows them to efficiently reduce activation rates.Full Answer >
Chemical reactions occur when two molecules collide with each other in a certain orientation and amount of force, which causes a chemical change due to the breaking and forming of the bonds between the atoms. Bonds are broken and formed due to the movement and sharing of electrons between atoms without any change to the nuclei.Full Answer >
Enzymes catalyze chemical reactions by first binding to molecules and then lining them up in ways that increase the probability of the molecules exchanging atoms when they collide. Enzymes therefore allow scientists to control the exchange of atoms mechanically, as explained by Science Daily.Full Answer >