Chemical reactions that produce heat are called exothermic reactions. Exothermic reactions involve physical or chemical changes that generate heat in various quantities, which is then dispersed into the surrounding environment. Exothermic reactions come in several forms, and require more energy to occur than they produce.Know More
Exothermic reactions take place throughout the world and may occur in the water, land, and in the atmosphere. Examples of exothermic reactions include combustion reactions of fuels, the addition of concentrated acid to water (also called neutralization), the burning of certain substances, and the addition of water to anhydrous copper sulfate. Most exothermic reactions take place when triggered by an external catalyst, although some come from internally produced sources of heat, such as the eruption of volcanoes.
The reaction that occurs when metals oxidize and corrode is another type of an exothermic reaction, as respiration and even the decomposition of decaying plant and food matter into compost or humus. Some exothermic reactions, such as the combustion of fuels in car and plane engines, take place through mechanical means. Others, such as the decomposition of vegetable matter to waste, occur solely through natural forces. Exothermic reactions are the opposite of endothermic reactions, which result in systems absorbing heat energy from their surroundings.Learn more in Science
According to About.com, a variety of experiments involving chemical reactions can be demonstrated in a laboratory, including a thermite and ice reaction, the Briggs-Rauscher oscillating clock, the dancing gummy bear reaction and others. Many of these entertaining experiments use common substances such as ice, sugar and potassium chlorate, an ingredient in bleach.Full Answer >
Chemical reactions occur because different types of molecules interact with each other to create new substances. Many of these interactions happen naturally and are not man-made. When one molecule interacts with another one, a chemical reaction occurs due to the breaking of old bonds and the forming of new ones.Full Answer >
Enzymes catalyze chemical reactions by first binding to molecules and then lining them up in ways that increase the probability of the molecules exchanging atoms when they collide. Enzymes therefore allow scientists to control the exchange of atoms mechanically, as explained by Science Daily.Full Answer >
The reaction between baking powder and an acid is an example of an everyday chemical reaction. As bread bakes, the reaction releases carbon dioxide, which is then trapped in the structure of the cooked dough to make it light and fluffy.Full Answer >