Chemistry and biology aren't just related but completely intertwined, as all biological processes are rooted in chemical processes. Biology cannot be completely understood without knowing basic chemistry.Know More
The Oxford Dictionary defines "life" as having the capacity for growth, reproduction, functional activity and continuous change preceding death. None of these things can occur without chemical reactions. All of these traits require the metabolism and synthesis of outside materials and the consumption and release of chemically stored energy sources. Even seemingly physical processes, such as muscle movement, require the chemical release of energy, following processes mandated by an organism's DNA code. DNA is itself a coded strand of chemicals that implements its instructions by chemical processes.
Some scientific specializations focus on studying the chemical nature of biology. Biochemistry is a specific branch of biological study that focuses on the chemical underpinnings of life itself. Biochemists study which chemical reactions produce which effects, and they can determine which processes are unique to specific organisms and which ones are present across ranges of organisms. Chemical biology is a field of study that focuses on how various chemicals can affect biological processes as well as how various biologic chemical reactions have applications outside of biochemistry.Learn more about Organic Chemistry
Common organic chemistry reactions include elimination, hydration, SN1 substitution, SN2 substitution and reduction. Elimination reactions include reactions that result in the loss of a molecule to form new substances. Elimination reactions are common in alkene formation and occur in one or two steps. Dehydrohalogenation and dehydration are the most common forms of elimination reactionsFull Answer >
Friedrich Wöhler is widely considered the father of organic chemistry. He was a German chemist who lived in the 1800s and is well-known for synthesizing urea in 1828.Full Answer >
Uncompetitive inhibition is important in the study of enzyme chemistry because it describes a specific method of reducing the activity of enzymes in a catalytic reaction. This type of inhibition involves an inhibitor compound that connects with the enzyme-substrate complex to prevent the creation of the product. Uncompetitive inhibition has been found to be useful in the field of medicine and other scientific fields.Full Answer >
NBS, or N-bromo succinimide, is a white crystalline solid that is often used in organic chemistry reactions to add bromine atoms to a compound. It can undergo two major reactions: allylic bromination and bromohydrin formation.Full Answer >