Manufacturers produce chlorine from the electrolysis of seawater. The process separates sodium chloride, commonly known as table salt. While chlorine is an element, the gas readily combines with other elements to form salts, and elemental chlorine does not exist naturally on earth.Know More
The discovery of chlorine gas was an accident that occurred in 1774, when a Swedish pharmacist dropped hydrochloric acid on manganese dioxide, producing a greenish yellow gas. Sir Humphrey Davy recognized chlorine as an element in 1810. The chlorine compound NaOCl was used in the fabric industry by the late 18th century as bleach.
During the 19th century, chlorine was added to public water systems as a disinfectant, improving the lives and health of many people. Chlorine compounds help to kill bacteria, and hospitals first used bleach to disinfect areas in the 1850s, improving the quality of care for patients.
Manufacturers often release chlorine gas into the atmosphere as a part of the manufacturing process. In 2003, a single magnesium-manufacturing plant that converted magnesium chloride into magnesium metal released 90 percent of the chlorine gas pollution in the United States. Too much chlorine can have deadly results, as in a 1915 accident in France where deadly chlorine gas, which is heavier than air, killed thousands of victims.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
The chemical formula for chlorine is Cl2. This diatomic molecule is formed by two chlorine atoms. The bonding between these two atoms is weak, making the chlorine molecule highly reactive.Full Answer >
The atomic radius of chlorine is approximately 79 picometers. One picometer is equal to a trillionth of a meter, commonly written as 10-12 meters. For example, 79 picometers is equal to 79*10-12 meters.Full Answer >
There must be at least two atoms of chlorine in a chlorine molecule. This produces what is called a diatomic molecule. The gas hydrogen also appears as a diatomic molecule.Full Answer >
Chlorine has seven valence electrons. These seven electrons make chlorine a very reactive element. Chlorine, like the other elements belonging to the halogen family of the periodic table, grabs an electron from another element to form a compound.Full Answer >