Chlorine is made inside supernovae, or massive stars that explode at the end of their lives. Chlorine is created through the r-process, or rapid neutron capture. On Earth, chlorine can be obtained from saltwater through electrolysis. Chlorine, in the form of chloride, can also be found in meteorites.Know More
Chlorine can also be separated from hydrochloric acid by the action of manganese dioxide. This is how the Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele discovered chlorine in 1774.
Chlorine is a halogen and is so reactive that it's almost never found in its free state on Earth. At standard temperature and pressure, chlorine is a poisonous, pale yellow green gas. It has a pungent smell, irritates mucous membranes and burns skin.
However, when chlorine is combined with other elements, it can be stable and quite useful. This can be seen when it combines with sodium to make table salt and with potassium to make sylvite. Even hydrochloric acid found in gastric juice is important for proper digestion in humans. The acid not only helps to break down nutrients, but is necessary for the absorption of vitamin B12.
Also, when chlorine is diluted, it is an excellent bleaching and disinfecting agent. It also goes into the manufacture of polyvinyl chloride and plastics.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
The atomic radius of chlorine is approximately 79 picometers. One picometer is equal to a trillionth of a meter, commonly written as 10-12 meters. For example, 79 picometers is equal to 79*10-12 meters.Full Answer >
The difference between chlorine-35 and chlorine-37 is that chlorine-35 has 18 neurons, while chlorine-37 has 19 neurons. Chlorine is a chemical element with atomic number 17 and an atomic weight of 35.4527 grams per mole. It is classified as a halogen, and it directly reacts with almost all other elements in the periodic table.Full Answer >
There must be at least two atoms of chlorine in a chlorine molecule. This produces what is called a diatomic molecule. The gas hydrogen also appears as a diatomic molecule.Full Answer >
A chlorine atom can form a single covalent bond, according to the University of Wisconsin chemistry department website. Chlorine atoms have seven electrons in their outer shells and can only share a single electron with another atom to fill that outer electron shell.Full Answer >