Cleaning up spilled acid requires disposing of the material in a plastic or glass container with a sealable lid; a chemical neutralizer should be used if the spilled acid is in liquid form. Safe clean-up requires the use of eye and skin protection, such as goggles, acid-resistant gloves, shoe covers and a lab coat. Ensure all sources of ignition are turned off before beginning the clean-up process.Know More
Limbs can suffer serious damage when exposed to spilled acid. If the material is dry, it can simply be collected in a container of plastic or glass for disposal.
For a liquid spill, apply a spill pillow, pad or other absorbent agent to keep the spill from spreading. Then, add the neutralizing agent to the acid spill. Weak bases, like calcium carbonate, sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate are ideal. The neutralizer should be added slowly from the edges inward to prevent splattering. After adding the neutralizing agent, mix with a spatula or similar tool.
To ensure the mixture is neutralized, a pH test should be conducted. According to the Environmental and Health Safety Department of the University of Iowa, a pH reading of 6 to 8 is no longer hazardous. At this point, the acid can be absorbed, sealed away, labeled and left for collection. The area of the spill should be ventilated and cleaned with detergent and water.Learn more about Acids & Bases
Hydrochloric acid is used in the rubber, photographic, textile and electroplating industries, and is used to manufacture dyes, chlorides and fertilizers. The chlorides produced from hydrochloric acid are used for the cleaning and pickling of metal items, as a solvent and catalyst in organic syntheses, to remove scale from boilers and to refine ore when producing tantalum and tin.Full Answer >
Hydrochloric acid has a large number of applications, ranging from the industrial sector to the pharmaceutical and food sector. According to AkzoNobel, the most important uses for hydrochloric acid are metal pickling, ion-exchange regeneration, raw material for the production of numerous inorganic and organic compounds, pH regulation and neutralization of process streams.Full Answer >
The mucic acid test is used to identify the presence of the sugar galactose in food or in synthetics manufacture. When concentrated nitric acid is heated together with galactose, a dicarboxylic acid called mucic acid forms as a white precipitate, which counts as a positive result.Full Answer >
Pure boric acid is a powder commonly used as a disinfectant or insecticide. It is found in the pharmacy section of stores. It is a mild acid with the chemical formula H3BO3.Full Answer >