Q:

How are climate and weather related?

A:

Climate and weather both describe atmospheric conditions. Weather describes short-term occurrence of conditions in the atmosphere, while climate refers to long-term weather patterns over a specific time frame. Weather changes on a daily basis, but climate extends over a long period of time.

Weather involves several factors that occur in the atmosphere, such as temperature, humidity and rainfall. It varies from place to place. Some locations have a cloudy or rainy weather, while other areas have a hot and dry weather. Weather events across the globe are predicted and recorded by meteorologists every day.

Daily temperature and precipitation are part of daily weather. Meteorologists provide information on changing weather on a daily basis. Weather can be sunny, rainy, snowy, humid, dry, hot or cold. Daily events of people are often affected by the current weather conditions.

Climate in a specific region controls the weather in that location. It is the average weather pattern over many years. When determining climate, scientists consider the averages of temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind velocity, sunshine and other measures of weather over a long period in a particular area. According to scientists, climates change because the Earth is warming. Temperature changes have an effect on weather elements such as clouds and precipitation.

Scientists monitor daily weather statistics for 30 years to make conclusions on local and regional climates. Statistics on climate include average weather conditions and the frequency of weather events, such as heavy rainfall and severe weather, which impact health and property.

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