Community planning for disaster management involves the efforts of communities to plan for a variety of natural or man-made disasters, explains the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency. The process involves the coordination of personnel and materials required to recover from these emergencies.Know More
Various situations may require disaster management. Some of these include natural disasters, such as earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods or fires. Industrial accidents, including oil spills and explosions, also require emergency action. Terrorism within communities is becoming an increasingly common threat. War and communication failures are additional emergency situations which require preparedness.
Effective disaster management is composed of prevention, mitigation, preparedness, and response and recovery. The identification of possible hazards within the community is an excellent starting point for disaster management plans. The determination of vulnerabilities is also an integral part of planning. The compilation of resources provides a network of support which can be utilized when an emergency occurs. The formulation of an action plan addresses the specifics of what is to occur before, during and after an emergency situation.
Although the federal government frequently intervenes in the event of large-scale community emergencies, it is ultimately the responsibility of each local government and its citizens to prepare for these situations. Testing community disaster plans is critical to evaluate the effectiveness of the strategies outlined. This can be accomplished through the delivery of meetings, training and simulation exercises. Tests and simulations are an excellent tool to determine if weaknesses exist in the current plan.Learn more about Storms
According to the Federal Communications Commission, during a disaster, the means of communication include television, radio, telephone, satellite and Internet sources. Depending upon the type and damage level of the disaster, certain communication options are not available. The most common type in a time of disaster is a satellite telephone for disaster management professionals.Full Answer >
Biological disasters are outbreaks of diseases or contagions of plant and animal life on an epidemic or pandemic level or infestations of animal or insect life on an epidemic or pandemic level. Examples of biological disasters include cholera and influenza H1N1 (swine flu).Full Answer >
An individual can get struck by lightning inside a house; while not all buildings have metal-work interweaved in the framing, houses that do contain metal in the framing act as Faraday cages, protecting their contents from electric fields. Houses without metal frameworks are not shielded from electricity.Full Answer >
Sheila Jackson Lee is a representative from Texas in the United States Congress who criticized the processes for naming hurricanes, stating that "all racial groups should be represented" in the names of hurricanes. She made the statement in 2003 when the list of hurricane names for the year included French and Spanish varieties. Lee hoped that future hurricane names "would try to be inclusive of African American names."Full Answer >