Cortisol, a hormone that the adrenal cortex produces in response to stress, prepares the body to react to potentially dangerous situations. It increases the level of sugar in the bloodstream and the brain's use of glucose, while curbing non-essential bodily functions, such as those that support reproduction and growth. Cortisol also suppresses the immune system and decreases the release of digestive secretions.Know More
Cortisol plays an important role in protecting the body from imminently threatening situations by reallocating the body's resources to functions related to fighting against or fleeing from a threat. When the stressful situation ends, the body stops releasing the hormone. In the modern world, most stressful events do not involve physical danger. Experiencing pressure to perform at work or school, or juggling responsibilities at home, may last for an extended period of time. In response, the body keeps producing cortisol and its levels remain high rather than returning to normal. This continual release of cortisol has been shown to have negative health effects, such as anxiety, digestive troubles, heart disease and weight gain.
Researchers are exploring various ways to reduce high cortisol levels and prevent the negative effects of its overproduction. Music therapy and massage therapy have been shown to reduce cortisol levels in some patients. In cases where high cortisol levels are brought on by mental stress, taking omega-3 fatty acid supplements may be helpful in restoring a healthy hormonal balance.Learn more about Glands & Hormones
The normal range of luteinizing hormone (LH) in women and men varies according to different factors. For example, a woman during the middle of her menstrual cycle should have a normal LH level in the range of 21.9 to 56.6 IU/L, according to WebMD. In women who are past menopause, the normal range is between 14.2 and 52.3 IU/L, relates the National Institute of Health.Full Answer >
The thymus gland produces the hormone Thymosin, which stimulates the production of antibodies. The Thymus also creates T-lymphocytes, which are white blood cells used to combat infection and abnormal cells, and Thymopoietin, which is a protein present in mRNA.Full Answer >
Testosterone injections are administered by injecting the sex hormone into muscle tissue, typically in the major muscles of the thigh, hip, upper arm or buttocks, according to Drugs.com. The injections are used in males to treat delayed puberty, impotence or hormonal imbalances. Women may receive injections to treat breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.Full Answer >
Testosterone levels may be increased by hormone replacement therapy provided by a medical professional or by improvements to sleep habits, diet and other lifestyle issues. Facial hair growth also typically benefits from a better diet and other lifestyle improvements.Full Answer >