The Himalayas run through the countries of India, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, China and Nepal. The Himalayan mountain range consists of three parallel ranges referred to as the Outer Himalayas, the Lesser Himalayas and the Greater Himalayas. The ranges cover approximately 1,500 miles altogether.
The highest peak in the Himalayas is Mt. Everest at 29,029 feet high, which is also the highest peak in the world. There are approximately 15,000 glaciers throughout the Himalayas. The Himalayas formed as a result of tectonic plate motions that caused India and Tibet to collide. There is still tectonic plate motion occurring as of 2014, resulting in a great deal of earthquake activity.Learn More
The Highveld, the Pampas, steppes and prairies are all grasslands, which are biomes dominated by grasses, flowers and herbs. Savannas and the Llanos region of northern South America are also grasslands.Full Answer >
Coastal plains are flat, low-lying pieces of land that feature a body of water on one side and some type of landform on the other. According to National Geographic, a coastal plain can form either as a continental shelf or when water currents carry sedimentary materials that build up over time.Full Answer >
Sand spits form after sudden changes in the shape of a coastline. This causes longshore drifts that deposit sediment in the direction of the drift, rather than along the coastline. Sand spits appear as fingers of land projecting from the coast.Full Answer >
Flat-topped hills, which occur primarily in the southwestern area of the United States, are sometimes called buttes, mesas or plateaus. The name used depends largely on the size of the hill in question.Full Answer >