Cyclone Tracy developed as a tropical low-pressure system in the Arafura Sea between Australia and New Guinea on Dec. 20, 1974. The low was 300 miles away from Darwin in Australia's Northern Territory. Cyclone Tracy killed 71 people, caused 650 injuries and destroyed 80 percent of the buildings in Darwin. As of July 2014, this storm is the deadliest in Australian history since modern record-keeping began.Know More
Within a day of forming, weather forecasters noticed more development in the storm. Cyclone Tracy became a named storm Dec. 21 when it was 124 miles away from Cape Don. The shallow waters of the Timor Sea were very warm and caused the storm to intensify into a Category 3 storm by the time the cyclone made landfall on Christmas Eve.
A previous cyclone earlier in December 1974 bypassed northern Australia completely despite early warnings to the contrary. The University of Rhode Island asserts Cyclone Selma's false alarm may have made residents complacent when warnings for Cyclone Tracy were issued. When the compact storm struck Darwin, its ferocity was intense. Surprised residents saw wind speeds go from a slight breeze to gale force in just 5 hours.
Darwin, with a population of 47,000 at the time, was decimated. There were 41,000 people left homeless and more than 35,000 evacuated after the storm. Every tree in the city was either uprooted or left bare by Cyclone Tracy. The storm was the most compact cyclone for its intensity ever recorded until Tropical Storm Marco in 2008.Learn More
The Snowy Mountains in the Australian Alps started forming about 860 million years ago by different marine sediments when southeast Australia was covered by the sea, according to Swirk. Natural forces up folded and lifted these rocks, then were later flattened by erosion leaving the sharp edge plateaux seen today. The valleys were formed by river water erosion.Full Answer >
Mount Kosciuszko in Australia was formed between 355 to 490 million years ago during the Ordovician or Lower Devonian periods. Granite rocks were uplifted, folded and eroded over long periods of time. Mt. Kosciuszko rises 7,310 feet high and is part of the Australian Alps in Southeastern New South Wales. It's Australia's highest mainland peak. Unlike the Andes or Himalayas, Mt. Kosciuszko is eroding rather than uplifting.Full Answer >
The major bodies of water that surround Australia include the Tasman Sea, Arafura Sea, Coral Sea, Timor Sea, Gulf of Carpentasia, Great Australian Bight, Indian Ocean and South Pacific Ocean. The country is situated in the region of Oceania, covering around 16,007 miles of coastal areas.Full Answer >
Three greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. Greenhouse gases rise up into the atmosphere and envelop the Earth, causing the planet to warm up. The increase in average temperatures around the world is called global warming.Full Answer >