Q:

What does cytoplasm do?

A:

Cytoplasm is a clear, gel-like substance found in all cells. Everything contained within a cell is found suspended in cytoplasm, except the nucleus, which is separated from the cytoplasm by a membrane. Cytoplasm helps rid cells of waste material, aids in cell respiration and helps convert glucose into energy.

In a eukaryote cell, which is a cell that has a nucleus, mitochondria are found within the cytoplasm. All cell activity occurs within the cytoplasm, including cell division. In eukaryote cells, the mitochondria and other organelles are separated from other structures within the cell by a nuclear membrane. A prokaryote cell does not have a nucleus. Therefore, all structures within a prokaryote cell are found suspended in cytoplasm.

Cytoplasm is a colloid containing organic material, including lipids, carbohydrates, proteins and enzymes. Cytoplasm is 90 percent water and 10 percent inorganic and organic materials.

Cytoplasm transports material within a cell and plays a role in cell respiration. In a plant cell, cytoplasm provides the support and structure for the cell. Proteins are synthesized within the cytoplasm of a plant cell. In an animal cell, proteins, nucleotides and amino acids are present in the cytoplasm. Cytoskeleton is also present, aiding in the movement of the animal cell. Glycolysis, or the conversion of glucose to energy, occurs within the cytoplasm of a cell.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    In eukaryotic cells, where does glycolysis occur?

    A:

    According to the biology department at Georgia Tech, glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm in eukaryotic cells. This process converts glucose into pyruvic acid though a chemical reaction.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where does fermentation occur in cells?

    A:

    According to the Georgia Tech biology website, fermentation occurs in the cytoplasm of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Fermentation occurs after gycolysis, which is the breakdown of glucose into pyruvate, and is necessary to regenerate NAD+ molecules so that the cell can continue to make ATP.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the four main functions of the plasma membrane?

    A:

    The four main functions of the plasma membrane include identification, communication, regulation of solute exchange through the membrane, and isolation of the cytoplasm from the external environment. The plasma membrane is a semi-permeable phospholipid bilayer that contains a hydrophilic head and a non-polar hydrophobic tail. It contains hydrogen bonds between the phospholipids that help hold the plasma membrane together; cholesterol molecules are also embedded into the membrane for fluidity.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the jelly-like substance within a cell called?

    A:

    The jelly-like substance found within a cell is cytoplasm, sometimes referred to as cytosol. Cytoplasm has several functions, including moving materials around in the cell and dissolving cellular waste.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore