Q:

What does cytoplasm do?

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Quick Answer

Cytoplasm is a clear, gel-like substance found in all cells. Everything contained within a cell is found suspended in cytoplasm, except the nucleus, which is separated from the cytoplasm by a membrane. Cytoplasm helps rid cells of waste material, aids in cell respiration and helps convert glucose into energy.

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What does cytoplasm do?
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Full Answer

In a eukaryote cell, which is a cell that has a nucleus, mitochondria are found within the cytoplasm. All cell activity occurs within the cytoplasm, including cell division. In eukaryote cells, the mitochondria and other organelles are separated from other structures within the cell by a nuclear membrane. A prokaryote cell does not have a nucleus. Therefore, all structures within a prokaryote cell are found suspended in cytoplasm.

Cytoplasm is a colloid containing organic material, including lipids, carbohydrates, proteins and enzymes. Cytoplasm is 90 percent water and 10 percent inorganic and organic materials.

Cytoplasm transports material within a cell and plays a role in cell respiration. In a plant cell, cytoplasm provides the support and structure for the cell. Proteins are synthesized within the cytoplasm of a plant cell. In an animal cell, proteins, nucleotides and amino acids are present in the cytoplasm. Cytoskeleton is also present, aiding in the movement of the animal cell. Glycolysis, or the conversion of glucose to energy, occurs within the cytoplasm of a cell.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Where is cytoplasm located?

    A:

    The cytoplasm is located within a cell's membrane, but not inside a cell's nucleus. The cytoplasm is an important part of the cell, because it houses many of the organelles and nutrients that keep a cell functioning.

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  • Q:

    Who discovered the cytoplasm?

    A:

    The cytoplasm was discovered in 1835 by three biologists, George E Palade, Albert Claude and Christian de Duve. It was Robert Hooke who discovered the cell in 1831 and laid down the fundamentals for the study of the cell.

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  • Q:

    What is the jelly-like substance within a cell called?

    A:

    The jelly-like substance found within a cell is cytoplasm, sometimes referred to as cytosol. Cytoplasm has several functions, including moving materials around in the cell and dissolving cellular waste.

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  • Q:

    How do you make a 3D cell model?

    A:

    To make a 3D plant cell model with play clay, make organelles with clay of different colors, each wrapped in white clay that stands for the cytoplasm. The last two wrapping layers are the membrane and the cell wall.

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