Cyclones cause widespread flooding and wind damage. Flood damage results from the combination of torrential rain, which overwhelms the soil’s ability to absorb it, and storm surges, which force significant quantities of water up onto the shore in front of the storm. Wind damage results from the straight-line winds produced by the cyclone and tornadoes that the cyclone spawns.Know More
Cyclones are large areas of very low pressure. They're often called hurricanes when they occur in the Atlantic Ocean and typhoons when they occur in the Pacific Ocean. When viewed from above, cyclones produce spiral bands of arms that radiate from a central vortex. Meteorologists name cyclones to avoid confusion when more than one low-pressure system exists in a single ocean basin. The names associated with particularly destructive or deadly cyclones are often retired when the storm dies.
To qualify as hurricane-force, winds must maintain speeds of 74 miles per hour or higher. Such speeds can topple trees and send small objects hurling through the air, where they can cause more damage. Some particularly strong hurricanes have produced wind speeds in excess of 200 miles per hour. Cyclones of such strength can blow houses off of their foundations and strip siding and shingles.Learn more about Weather & Tides
The difference between spring and neap tides is that spring tides are much higher than normal and neap tides are lower than normal. Spring tides occur because of the combined effects of the sun and moon, whereas neap tides happen when the sun and the moon are at right angles.Full Answer >
Moderate climates are typically found near large bodies of water, within the temperate climate zones of the planet. Moderate climates are characterized by two sub-types: continental moderate zones and oceanic moderate zones.Full Answer >
Energy derived from the movement of tides or waves is used to generate electricity in areas that have a notable tidal range. Special generators are used to convert the tidal energy into electricity.Full Answer >
The Koppen climate classification system is a widely used vegetation-based empirical climate classification system. The classification system is based on a subdivision of terrestrial climates into five major types. It was developed by German botanist-climatologist Wladimir Koppen.Full Answer >