Mount Etna has destroyed numerous towns since its first recorded eruption in 122 B.C., including the towns of Nicoli, Catania and Zafferana. In addition to destroying towns, the volcano has caused thousands of fatalities and caused environmental damage to farmland and the environment.
After its 122 B.C. eruption, Roman records claim that the ash from Mount Etna blocked out the sun. The damage to coastal towns and cities was so severe that the Roman government cancelled taxes for 10 years. The 1669 eruption killed at least 1,500 people and caused damaging earthquakes. In recent years, locals have used trenches, dams and concrete to block or divert the lava flows.Learn More
The three volcanoes of Krakatoa Island – Perboewatan, Danan and Rakata – are thought to be extinct following the cataclysmic 1883 eruption. The first two volcanoes, Perboewatan and Danan, were completely destroyed in the eruption, along with two-thirds of Krakatoa Island.Full Answer >
A quiet volcano is considered dormant. Dormant volcanoes are volcanoes that have not actively erupted in the past 10,000 years, but still have the potential to erupt at some point.Full Answer >
Noxious fumes and tremendous amounts of ash and molten lava spewed from Mount Etna in 1669 and killed more than 20,000 Sicilians. Just prior to this eruption, an associated earthquake killed an additional 15,000 people.Full Answer >
A volcanologist is a person who studies volcanoes. The primary objective of a volcanologist is to understand how a volcano operates in order to better predict eruptions and save lives.Full Answer >