Q:

What damage did Mount Etna cause?

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Quick Answer

Mount Etna has destroyed numerous towns since its first recorded eruption in 122 B.C., including the towns of Nicoli, Catania and Zafferana. In addition to destroying towns, the volcano has caused thousands of fatalities and caused environmental damage to farmland and the environment.

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Full Answer

After its 122 B.C. eruption, Roman records claim that the ash from Mount Etna blocked out the sun. The damage to coastal towns and cities was so severe that the Roman government cancelled taxes for 10 years. The 1669 eruption killed at least 1,500 people and caused damaging earthquakes. In recent years, locals have used trenches, dams and concrete to block or divert the lava flows.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    When was the last time Mount Etna erupted?

    A:

    As of June 2014, the last time Mount Etna erupted was January 2014. The eruption was the first of the year 2014 and was caused by formation of a new crater on the southeastern volcano that resulted from the 2013 eruption.

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  • Q:

    What caused Mount Etna to erupt?

    A:

    Mount Etna erupts and is active because it lies on the subduction fault boundary between the African and Eurasian tectonic plates as well as the fault between the African and the Ionian microplate. The Ionian plate is tilted backward, allowing space for mantle magma to well up to the surface.

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  • Q:

    What are the top 10 facts on Mount Etna?

    A:

    Mount Etna is the tallest mountain in Italy south of the Alps and it is one of the world's most active volcanoes; its most violent eruption occurred in 1669. Approximately 70 people have died as a result of Mount Etna erupting. It is a volcano that holds the longest record of eruptions. Covering 460 square miles, Mount Etna is usually covered by snow. Etna is believed to be the workshop of Vulcan and lava on the mountain is around 300,000 years old.

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  • Q:

    What were the dates of Mount Etna's last two eruptions?

    A:

    As of 2014, the two most recent flank eruptions of Italy's Mount Etna were in 2014 and in 2008 to 2009. Etna is one of the world's most active volcanoes, with nearly constant lava flow and related geologic activity.

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