Damage from typhoons includes landslides and mudslides; heavy flooding; destruction of vehicles, buildings, roads and bridges; shipwrecks; power outages and human injury and death. Many people sustain injuries or die due to flying debris, collapsed buildings, flooding, mudslides and landslides, and storm surges.Know More
Typhoons also cause damage on low coral islands, which at times become flooded with waves that reach a height of 30 meters at sea, and masses of ocean water can sweep across an island, annihilating every structure and tree in their paths. In most cases, structures such as thatched-roof huts are easily destroyed; however, more modern structures are able to withstand the strong winds of typhoons.
Long-term damage associated with typhoons includes starvation, diseases such as cholera and dysentery, water contamination, and destruction of food and agricultural land. Factories can be completely demolished, and transport routes get destroyed. Infrastructure may suffer considerable damage. In severe cases, people are forced to migrate to find shelter, food and clean water.
Typhoons are responsible for causing thousands of deaths and billions of dollars worth of damage. For instance, $9 million worth of damage was caused by Typhoon Cimaron in the Philippines. Hurricane Katrina was one of United States' most costly natural disasters. It caused $125 billion worth of damage and over 1,800 deaths.Learn more about Storms
Typhoons occur most often in the far western Pacific Ocean. They tend to form east of Guam and track west towards Taiwan before heading north and northeast towards Japan. This region is colloquially referred to as "typhoon alley." Typhoons strike the Philippines more often than any other nation.Full Answer >
Like other tropical cyclones, typhoons form when warm, calm ocean waters transfer warmth and moisture to the air above the surface. The air rises into cooler layers of the atmosphere, allowing the water to condense and the air to fall back down. This sets up a convective current that draws moisture and energy into the clouds and causes them to begin to spin.Full Answer >
Typhoons usually occur in Taiwan, Japan, the Philippines and Mainland China. The United States, Australia and India also see typhoons, but they are called hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean, and cyclonic storms in the Indian Ocean.Full Answer >
Hurricanes cause severe damage to man-made structures and the natural environment, and they can uproot trees, destroy walls, upturn vehicles, erode beaches and cause inland flooding. Very strong hurricanes can devastate houses, reduce water supply and lead to power outages that last weeks.Full Answer >