Prolonged exposure to high levels of infrared radiation could lead to burns and cause eye problems, including cornea and retina damage, cataracts and injuries to the eye lens. In addition, infrared radiation can cause pain to the skin of a person in close contact with it.
Most infrared radiation is not visible and may affect a person without his knowledge. Similarly, some radiation is neither hot nor colored, making them difficult for people to detect and avoid.
In the electromagnetic spectrum, infrared rays are just below visible red light. Many objects, including lamps, flames, stars and other warm items, emit these rays. They are most commonly used in mobile phones, in remote controls for TV sets and in other short-range communication devices. In addition, physiotherapists use infrared technology to help the healing of athletes' injuries.
Modern weapons have infrared detectors that are designed to spot targets, particularly at night. Although occasional exposure to these rays is not enough to cause danger, everyday contact can cause long-term health problems. Employees working for companies involved in the mass production of lasers and heat lamps have a higher risk of experiencing adverse effects due to exposure. These rays can disrupt body cells, penetrate DNA and cause cancer. Those who are vulnerable are advised to wear protective gear.Learn More
Nuclear radiation is the release of energy-bearing rays, waves or particles that occurs when an atom is split. This specific process is called fission, and it can occur in both natural and artificial situations. Nuclear energy can be harnessed from these reactions and transformed into usable electricity, but the waves and particles released during fission can also cause radiation that is dangerous to living beings.Full Answer >
One of the most common uses of infrared rays is for wireless communication, such as with garage door openers, car-locking systems and handheld remote controls for televisions and other appliances. Since all objects emit some degree of infrared radiation, night-vision devices make use of their sensitivity to infrared rays to capture and transmit images when there is no visible light source. Heat-seeking missiles also rely upon infrared technology to track their targets in passive missile-guidance systems.Full Answer >
Infrared waves are used to connect remote controls to TVs, to keep food heated and for heat treatment therapy. Infrared technology can also be used for thermal imaging and to see images from space. In addition, some lasers, such as those that read CDs, use infrared radiation.Full Answer >
Infrared is energy with a longer wavelength than visible light, existing just outside the range of human vision. The sun is a natural source of infrared energy, as well as many other forms of energy from across the electromagnetic spectrum. Flames also produce infrared, frequently putting out more infrared waves than visible light.Full Answer >