Ecological balance is a stable state between all plants and animals in an ecosystem, and destabilization of the stable state is ecological imbalance. When plants and animals share a particular habitat, balance must be maintained for the benefit of all organisms.
One of the most important challenges facing humanity is the disturbance in this ecological balance due to human activity. The rising human population and the consequent encroachment of humans into forests and other ecosystems are the chief causes of ecological imbalance.
Ecological imbalance can cause sweeping changes in the world. Eventually, all organisms are affected by ecological imbalance. Many species may be wiped out, and others may suffer irreparable damage due to an imbalance in the ecology.