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# What is the definition of oscillating motion?

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Oscillating is the process of swinging or moving to and fro in a steady, uninterrupted manner, and oscillating motion is the movement created by the process. An oscillating motion typically refers to a single step of the process in one direction then again as it swings to and from the opposite direction.

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Examples of oscillating motion are the swinging of a pendulum in a clock and the repetitive back-and-forth movement of a rotating fan.

Apart from the physical definition of the term, oscillating motion can also be applied to the mental process of fluctuating between ideas, opinions or convictions. Used in a sentence, this intent of the phrase is displayed when saying, "She oscillated between admiring him and being very angry with him for his actions." This implies that she is swinging back and forth between her emotions regarding the man's actions.

Oscillation is also used in the fields of mathematics and physics. In physics, it implies a repeated and regular fluctuation above and below a mean value. In mathematics, it typically refers to the differences in a function within a given interval, specifically between the least upper bound and the greatest lower bound. Another application of oscillation in mathematics is when determining the limit of the oscillating movement within an interval, also referred to as the "saltus."

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Balanced forces are forces that produce no change in motion, while unbalanced forces produce some type of acceleration. With balanced forces, any forces in a given direction are exactly matched by forces in the opposite direction. With unbalanced forces, the forces in one direction are greater than those in the opposite direction, resulting in a net force that produces acceleration.

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The path taken by a flying object in motion on the surface of the Earth is called a parabola. A parabola is a symmetrical arc, and the trajectory of flying objects with negligible air resistance in a gravitational field, as on the surface of the Earth, follows this path.

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Convection works by transferring heat from a hot substance to a cooler one through the motion of one of the substances. For example, as wind passes over a hot substance, heat from the substance transfers to the air particles, cooling the hot substance and slightly warming the air.