A saturated solution is one in which any additional solute added to the solution is no longer dissolved. Solutions are combinations of solvents – most commonly liquids - and solutes, which are typically solids.
Each given solution has a point at which any more solute added does not dissolve. A prime example of this is demonstrated by adding sugar or salt to a glass of water. There is a point when any more of the solid added to the liquid results in the solid remaining in the bottom of the glass. This is, however, dependent upon temperature; most solutions show an increased saturation point in response to increased heat for a given pressure. In the most basic terms, an increase in heat results in more solute dissolving within the solvent.
Solutes are also commonly gases, as with the oxygen in water. Even with water, there is a point at which no more oxygen is dissolved. This is when the additional oxygen introduced into the solution is released as bubbles. Most gas solutions respond to heat and pressure in the same manner as solids, with warmer air absorbing more water vapor than cooler air, as is the case in one common example.Learn More
A glass of sweet tea with a lot of sugar is an example of a saturated solution. A solution becomes saturated when no more solute can be dissolved by the liquid because it already contains as much solute as it can hold.Full Answer >
To make a saturated solution of sodium chloride, find the solubility of sodium chloride in water, mix a solution of sodium chloride and water, and watch for saturation. The solubility of sodium chloride is 357 grams per 1 liter of cold water. The solubility of sodium chloride will change based on the temperature of the water. To make the saturated solution, add 357 grams of sodium chloride to 1 liter of water, and mix thoroughly. The final solution is saturated.Full Answer >
A solute is the smaller part of a solution, which in many cases is said to have been dissolved by the solvent. A solution is any mixture that is homogeneous at a molecular level, which means that any given volume of the solution has about the same proportion of type of molecule in the overall solution as the overall solution.Full Answer >
Solute potential is defined as the pressure that must be applied to a solution to prevent the inward flow of water through a semipermeable membrane. The flow of water stops because the pressure of the solution and the pressure of the water are equal. Osmotic potential is another term for solute potential.Full Answer >