Naturalist Charles Darwin studied medicine at Edinburgh University before switching to theology at Cambridge University in 1828. Darwin earned his degree in theology, but he pursued his interest in natural science throughout college through friendships with Edinburgh zoology professor Robert Grant and Cambridge botany professor John Stevens Henslow, among others.
Through Darwin's friendship with Grant, he learned how to dissect specimens and observe them under a microscope. Grant also introduced Darwin to French naturalist Jean Baptiste Lamarck's ideas on transmutation, a term later replaced by "evolution." Darwin learned about taxidermy, the anatomy of animals and the basics of field geology through other friendships. From Henslow, Darwin learned about natural science, and Henslow passed on to Darwin the opportunity to travel on HMS Beagle as a naturalist.Learn More
Charles Darwin was a naturalist of the 1800s who became the foremost name in the theory of evolution. He promoted the idea of “survival of the fittest” that embraced the theory of natural selection. His 1859 book, “On the Origin of Species By Means of Natural Selection,” caused an uproar around the world, especially in religious and science circles.Full Answer >
Charles Darwin wasn't an inventor; he was a naturalist and geologist. His theories about the way biological populations change over time revolutionized biological science. He published two books, "On the Origin of Species" and "The Descent of Man."Full Answer >
Charles Darwin attempted to answer the question of how evolution happened. Many theorists prior to Darwin hypothesized that evolution took place, but Darwin was the first to develop a theory of natural selection to explain the mechanism by which evolution occurred.Full Answer >
Charles Darwin is famous for the strong case he made in support of his theory of evolution. He showed how species changed over time, and proposed that all life resulted from evolution. His theory was controversial but eventually caught on with the scientific community.Full Answer >