Q:

How did Georgius Agricola further the study of geology?

A:

Quick Answer

Georgius Agricola systematized the study of rocks, minerals and fossils, creating a standard classification and naming system that had not existed before. Perhaps more than any other individual, Agricola is credited with the scientific study of geology through his personal observation and scholarly research.

Know More

Full Answer

Georgius Agricola worked as a physician, but his passion was the study of rocks. Living in a mining district, he penned "De Re Metallica," which was a scientific inquiry into the search for and extraction of ores. The book rejected divining and dousing as methods for finding ores and became the standard text for the mining industry for the next 200 years. Agricola also wrote up his observations of the geologic column, describing the way distinct layers of rock seemed to be laid down on top of one another. This work was foundational to the later work of Charles Lyell and the gradualists. Agricola developed a systematic method for classifying minerals according to their physical properties, rather than by their alleged use in alchemy, and he even found time to write a treatise on fossils that would not be surpassed until the work of Robert Hooke over a century later. He is also among the first scientists to have described the erosive action of wind and water.

Learn more about Geology

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the study of rocks called?

    A:

    The study of rocks is known as geology. Scientists who study rocks are known as geologists. There are several subdivisions of geology, with different designations for researchers who study the individual disciplines.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is exfoliation geology?

    A:

    Exfoliation geology is a type of rock weathering where the rock's layers peel off in whole sheets instead of grain by grain. Large-scale exfoliation occurs due to the mechanics of gravity on a curved surface, while small-scale exfoliation is due to chemical weathering.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is meant by uplift in geology?

    A:

    In geology, uplift refers to a considerable vertical movement of the Earth's crust and is one of the primary factors in the formation of mountains and other prominent landscape features. Some of the more spectacular examples of uplifts in the Earth's crust are the results of tectonic plate interactions that are involved in the process called orogenesis. Major mountain ranges, such as the Alps, were produced by the orogenic uplift resulting from a collision of one continental plate with another.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is transgression in geology?

    A:

    In geology, transgression is the process of a coastline migrating inland due to a rising sea level. Regression, in contrast, occurs when a coastline moves oceanward as a sea level falls.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore