According to Smithsonian magazine, the Great Kanto earthquake was caused by a seismic fault line six miles below the floor of Sagumi Bay. Close to noon on September 1, 1923, a 60 square mile portion of the Philippine oceanic plate ruptured and smashed into the Eurasian continental plate. This event produced a burst of tectonic energy that traumatized Japan.Know More
Considered one of the worst natural disasters in Japan's history, the Great Kanto earthquake damaged much of Tokyo and Yokohama. Smithsonian magazine explains that the earthquake's intense jolt triggered large tsunamis and widespread fires. With a death toll of 140,000 and extensive infrastructure damage, the earthquake is thought to have ignited intense nationalist and racist passions, which fueled right wing groups as the country struggled between military expansion and a quest towards democracy.
The initial tremors of the Great Kanto earthquake lasted for 14 seconds, according to Smithsonian magazine. The shaking brought down the majority of buildings in Tokyo and Yokohama, and the cities were unequipped to handle an earthquake of such magnitude. Since building were largely made of wood, intense fires, fanned by strong winds, burned nearly 45 percent of Tokyo to the ground before they were finally quelled two days later.Learn more about Earthquakes
The earthquake in Haiti was the result of sliding plates between North America and the Caribbean. The plates are slabs that cover the Earth and resemble a giant jigsaw puzzle. The plates are constantly creeping past each other.Full Answer >
The 2004 Indonesian earthquake was caused by the earth's Indian plate moving underneath the Burma plate, causing a massive release of seismic stress and resulting in faults. This led to earthquakes and tsunamis in 14 Asian countries. It is also known as the Indian Ocean earthquake or the Sumatra earthquake.Full Answer >
The Tangshan earthquake was caused by the shift of faults located under the city, such as the Tangcheng-Lijiang fault. Northern China has a high level of seismic activity and, in 1974, scientists predicted a large earthquake would hit the region within 2 years. The Tangshan earthquake occurred on July 28, 1976.Full Answer >
The 2008 Sichuan earthquake was caused by seismic activities that focused along the Longmenshan fault, a massive fault structure located between the Eurasian Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate. This caused a rupture along the fault, displacing land by up to 9 meters over approximately 90 seconds.Full Answer >