The name for the element iron comes from the same Anglo-Saxon word, iron or iren, although it is thought that this word comes from the earlier Celtic word îsarno. Some scholars suggest that this Celtic word comes from an even older Indo-European word for metal, ayos or ayes.Know More
Although the element is referred to as iron in English, its chemical symbol, Fe, refers to the original Latin name for the element: ferrum. Ferrum is the root word for iron in most of the Romance languages, including French, Spanish and Italian.
Iron is the 26th element on the periodic table and has an atomic weight of 55.845. It is the cheapest of all the metals and also one of the most abundant. Iron composes nearly 6 percent of the Earth's crust, while the core of the Earth is almost entirely made up of this one element.
It is not known when man first discovered iron, as it has been around for at least 5,000 years; with iron artifacts having been found dating as far back as 3,000 B.C. In fact, the Bible even mentions a man, Lamech, who lived only seven generations after Adam and Eve as being a master of iron and brass.Learn more in Atoms & Molecules
The English word "gold" comes from an Anglo-Saxon word "gohl," thought to mean "yellow, green or shiny." The chemical symbol for gold is Au, comes from its Latin name "aurum." Human discovery and use of gold dates to prehistoric times. It is one of the few elements occurring in nature in its pure state.Full Answer >
The element neon received its name, which is Greek for "new," when it was first discovered in 1898. It was first discovered and named by Sir William Ramsey and Morris W. Travers shortly after their discovery of krypton through experiments on liquefied air. They discovered xenon soon after.Full Answer >
The name oxygen was coined by Antoine Lavoisier in the 18th century, and is a combination of two Greek words: oxy, which means acid, and gene, which means creates. At the time oxygen was discovered, Lavoisier mistakenly believed it was a necessary component to making acids.Full Answer >
The name of beryllium is derived from the Greek word for beryl, beryllos. It is based on the fact that beryllium is a component of the mineral, which was known as beryl before the element's discovery. Beryllium was discovered in 1797 by Nicolas Louis Vauquelin.Full Answer >