Sir Isaac Newton attended The King's School, Grantham, from age 12 to 17. He then attended Trinity College, Cambridge, where he finished with a Master's degree and was later elected as a fellow.
Newton, a physicist and mathematician, was an instrumental figure in the scientific revolution. His work in astronomy, physics and the natural world laid the foundations of science for the next three centuries. His book "Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica" formulated the law of gravity and laid the foundation for classical mechanics. He also helped develop the field of calculus, together with Gottfried Leibniz. Newton was born in 1642 in Woolsthorpe, England, and died in 1727 at age 84.Learn More
In 1909, Rutherford's X-ray experiments shattered conventional wisdom when he discovered that electrons didn't occupy matter like evenly-distributed raisins in a pudding. However, Bohr found Rutherford's conclusions to be inaccurate and proposed the revolutionary idea that atoms behaved according to the laws of quantum physics.Full Answer >
Albert Einstein is famous for his contributions to science, particularly his general and special theories of relativity. He also won the Nobel Prize for discovering the law of the photoelectric effect.Full Answer >
Atomic explosions rely on the same principle that generates nuclear energy, which is that the potential energy of matter is equal to its mass multiplied by the square of the speed of light. In the case of most nuclear weapons, this involves the splitting of a uranium atom, which unleashes a massive explosion of energy.Full Answer >
According to Concord Consortium, pith-ball, gold-leaf, and needle electroscopes measure electric charges using Coulomb electrostatic forces. Pith-ball electroscopes use attraction as a measure of charge, while gold-leaf and needle electroscopes use repulsion. These early instruments helped scientist understand and measure electric charges and polarity. Today they serve primarily as demonstration instruments.Full Answer >