Jupiter gets its name from the most powerful god in Roman mythology. The king of all other gods, Jupiter is the equivalent of Zeus in Greek mythology. It was the largest visible object in the night sky during the time of the Roman Empire, and thus named after its most important deity.Know More
Jupiter has held many names and titles throughout history, though the most influential in modern times is that which originated from Roman mythology. Jupiter has been attributed with wine harvests and was hailed as the god of the sky, in addition to the god of thunder. In later times, the planet and deity were thought to influence the outcomes of battles, earning Jupiter a new title: the god of war.
Jupiter was the name under which oaths were taken and sacred offerings made, and was a symbol of the central authority of the Roman Empire. Ceremonial clothing and decorations for important political and religious events were often adorned with Jupiter's likeness.
Humans today know that Jupiter does live up to its name in many ways. It is the largest planet in the solar system and also protects Earth by deflecting and capturing comets and asteroids that would otherwise enter the inner solar system. The giant gas planet also helps to stabilize the orbits of the other planets, bringing a tenuous balance to the solar system as whole.Learn more about Planets
The planet Jupiter has a mean radius measurement of approximately 44,440.7 miles. However, the rotational speed of the planet causes it to bulge outwards at the equator, giving it an equatorial diameter of 88,846 miles. By comparison, at its poles, Jupiter's diameter is approximately 83,082 miles.Full Answer >
Following the tradition of naming planets after ancient Roman gods, Pluto derives its name from the Roman god of the underworld. The Lowell Observatory named the planet after receiving the suggestion from 11-year-old Venetia Burney of Oxford, England. Pluto officially received its name on March 24, 1930.Full Answer >
Jupiter is named after the powerful Roman god who is the equivalent of the Greek god Zeus. All of the planets in the solar system but Earth are named after gods in the Roman pantheon. Many of the moons of Jupiter are also named after figures from Roman mythology.Full Answer >
Saturn, the sixth planet from the sun, was named after the Roman god for agriculture. In Greek mythology, the equivalent god was named Cronus, and he was the father of Zeus and Jupiter.Full Answer >