One of the main reasons the United States sponsored a mission to the moon was because of the space race with Russia. Russia was the first country to put an artificial satellite in space, which caused a lot of embarrassment for the U.S.Know More
In 1957, Russia sent Sputnik into space, proving the country had great technological capabilities. Many Americans felt the United States was technologically superior to other countries in the aftermath of World War II, so this feat proved embarrassing for American citizens. There was also some concern that the Soviets would use their space program to put weapons in space, putting the U.S. at risk should another war occur.
In 1961, President John F. Kennedy announced a plan to put an American astronaut on the moon by the end of the 1960s. There was a lot of pressure to overtake Russia and prove the U.S. also had space exploration capabilities. Kennedy also had to overcome the failed Bay of Pigs incident, which was an unsuccessful attack on the southern coast of Cuba. Kennedy felt the U.S. would be able to beat Russia to putting a man on the moon, which would put the country in a more positive light following this failed attack.Learn more about Our Moon
No concrete evidence explains why there is a moon. The best hypothesis presented is the Giant Impactor hypothesis: It suggests that around 4.45 billion years ago, while the Earth was still forming, a large object hit the Earth at an angle.Full Answer >
The scientific consensus is that the Earth's moon formed four and half billion years ago. About 100 million years after the formation of the solar system, another small planet is likely to have collided with the Earth, resulting in the formation of the Moon.Full Answer >
One interesting fact about the Moon lies in how it got its name. The proper name for the Moon is, simply, the "Moon." The Moon was named before humans realized other moons exist, and now "Moon" is capitalized to avoid confusion.Full Answer >
The moon appears bright because the side visible on Earth reflects the light from the sun. As the moon and the Earth move around their respective orbits, different portions of the moon are visible to people on Earth, depending on the angle at which the light hits the moon and reflects back to Earth. The moon reflects back about 12 percent of the light from the sun that hits it.Full Answer >