Organic compounds got this name because of their association with living organisms. Living matter is predominantly comprised of such compounds that consist mainly of carbon and hydrogen.Know More
Almost all compounds that consist mainly of carbon can be considered organic, the exception being carbides, carbonates, oxides and cyanides, which are excluded for historical reasons.
Compounds classified as organic can be further subdivided into specific classes based on their structures and side groups. For example, aliphatic compounds are usually straight-chain molecules consisting solely of hydrogen and carbon. Aromatic compounds are also composed of hydrogen and carbon but are in a ring-shaped arrangement. Simple organic compounds such as ethylene can be made to bond in very long chains to give polymers, such as polyethylene. Organic compounds can also be classified into natural and synthetic variants, based on their origins.
Natural organics are compounds that are synthesized by plants or animals. Examples include simple sugars, cellulose and vitamins such as B-12. Synthetic compounds do not occur naturally and are prepared by reacting compounds together in a controlled environment. The study of organic compounds, called organic chemistry, is one of the most widely branched subdisciplines of this science. Advances in organic chemistry have made it possible to utilize living organisms to mass produce natural organic compounds such as ethanol and insulin.Learn more about Organic Chemistry
Some common ways to purify organic compounds include distillation, recrystallization, dialysis and extraction. Colorado University reveals distillation uses the evaporation of compounds to achieve purification, while Portland Community College states recrystallization works for organic solids at room temperature. Dialysis needs a membrane to filter various substances and acid-base extractions utilize aqueous solutions to purify organic liquids.Full Answer >
All organic compounds contain carbon. Carbon is so important to the structure of organic molecules that organic chemistry has been called the study of carbon and its compounds. Other elements are readily incorporated into organic molecules, though the determining feature of an organic molecule is the presence or absence of carbon atoms.Full Answer >
The concept map of organic compounds is a teaching aid that helps students understand the relationships between different types of organic molecules used in biology. The map is organized as a flow chart, with a top layer consisting of proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids and lipids.Full Answer >
All organic compounds contain long chains of carbon atoms. Generally, organic chemistry involves carbon-based molecules, while inorganic chemistry is the study of non-carbon containing molecules. However, not all compounds containing carbon are organic.Full Answer >