Jupiter is named after the powerful Roman god who is the equivalent of the Greek god Zeus. All of the planets in the solar system but Earth are named after gods in the Roman pantheon. Many of the moons of Jupiter are also named after figures from Roman mythology.
As the largest planet in the solar system, Jupiter is named after the most important figure Roman mythology. The Babylonians named the planet after their god Marduk. It is called the Wood Star in Chinese, Korean and Japanese. Hindu astrologers called the planet Brihaspati, while Central Asian cultures called it Erendiz.Learn More
Saturn, the sixth planet from the sun, was named after the Roman god for agriculture. In Greek mythology, the equivalent god was named Cronus, and he was the father of Zeus and Jupiter.Full Answer >
Neptune got its name from Urbain Le Verrier, who discovered the planet and retained the right to name it. Prior to its naming, Neptune was referred to as "Le Verrier's planet" or "the planet exterior to Uranus." Johann Galle was the first to suggest a name, with "Janus."Full Answer >
The planet Venus is named for the Roman goddess of love and beauty. The Romans used the names of their most important gods and goddesses for the brightest objects in the sky.Full Answer >
Jupiter gets its name from the most powerful god in Roman mythology. The king of all other gods, Jupiter is the equivalent of Zeus in Greek mythology. It was the largest visible object in the night sky during the time of the Roman Empire, and thus named after its most important deity.Full Answer >