Q:

How did Robert Hooke discover cells?

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Quick Answer

Robert Hooke discovered cells by looking at a thin slice of cork through a microscope. Hooke saw small empty spaces which he then named cells.

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Hooke was employed by King Charles II of England, who wanted some studies done with the use of microscopes. Using his mechanical and technical talents, Hooke was able to refine the microscopes to get a clearer and close look at the objects he observed, which allowed him to get the first glimpses of cells. He also called the spaces he saw pores, but the term cells was more appreciated. The spaces reminded Hooke of monks' cells, from which he borrowed the name.

Even using his primitive technology, Hooke was able to predict that there were over 1.2 million cells per cubic inch, showing that he did have some idea of how small and common the objects are. To show his discoveries, he drew what he saw. These drawings were collected and published, along with his findings, in 1665, in his book titled "Microphagia: or Some Physiological Descriptions of Miniature Bodies Made by Magnifying Glasses." The book included information about microscopes and cells, and put him on track to becoming one of the founding fathers of cell theory.

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Related Questions

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    Why did Robert Hooke call them cells?

    A:

    Robert Hooke called named cells "cells" because of their similarity to the small rooms in monasteries, also called "cells," in which the monks lived and worked. Hooke first saw cells while examining a specimen of cork with his microscope and was intrigued by the discovery of such structures.

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    What are atypical cells?

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    Atypical cells are cells that appear abnormal when viewed under a microscope, although they are not necessarily cancerous, according to Mayo Clinic. A number of factors may result in cell abnormality.

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    When were cells discovered?

    A:

    The cell was discovered in 1665 by Robert Hooke when he examined thin slices of a cork with a microscope. What he saw were not living cells but nonliving cell walls. Hooke reportedly used the word "cells" for what he saw, because the cork reminded him of monastery cells.

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    What did Robert Brown contribute to cell theory?

    A:

    Robert Brown contributed to cell theory by showing the radical motion of molecules within a cell under the light of a microscope. The Brownian method was named after Brown's discovery of the way that the molecules moved.

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