According to the Encyclop?dia Britannica, the Shaanxi earthquake occurred due to movement along the three major fault lines that form the basin of the Wei River. Considered to be the most deadly earthquake in history, the 1556 earthquake left approximately 830,000 people dead and altered the landscape of the Shaanxi province.Know More
The Shaanxi earthquake is estimated to have been a magnitude 8 earthquake. Although the actual earthquake lasted for only a few seconds, it killed up to 60 percent of the population in two provinces, changed the paths of rivers, created massive floods and set off fires that burned for several days.
The earthquake struck late at night on Jan. 23, and had several aftershocks that continued the following morning, according to History.com. While it is not the strongest earthquake ever recorded, it struck in a highly populated area made up predominately of poorly constructed homes and buildings. This resulted in the high number of casualties, as all the structures in many of the cities near the epicenter ? the Wei River Valley ? were destroyed. In some areas, a 60-foot deep crevice opened in the ground. Serious landslides were associated with the earthquake, and severe destruction spanned up to 300 miles from the epicenter.Learn more about Earthquakes
The 2005 Kashmir earthquake was caused by a sudden influx of seismic stress at the highly active earthquake hot spot between the Earth's Indian plate and Eurasian plate near the Himalayan mountains. The seismic stress occurred from repetitive collisions between the two plates, which caused a fault zone to appear.Full Answer >
The United States Geological Survey keeps a record of all earthquakes around the globe. In addition to providing seismic data from survey sites, the USGS also offers an application that allows users to report earthquake tremors they have felt. The USGS records all geological activity, not just earthquakes.Full Answer >
The best place to take shelter during an earthquake is underneath a sturdy desk or table, preferably one that covers the entire body. If this option is not available, protecting the head and neck is the most important safety concern. Do not stand in a doorway, as that advice is outdated and unsafe.Full Answer >
The Sumatran-Andaman earthquake on December 26, 2004, is the longest lasting earthquake ever recorded. The continuous shaking lasted from 500 to 600 seconds, or about 10 minutes.Full Answer >