The formation of the solar system began with the creation of the sun after an exploding supernova caused spherical accumulation of dust particles and gas in a huge swirling cloud called nebula. Planets and other components of the solar system formed in the flat plane of the rotating disc of dust.Know More
The accumulation of dust particles some 4.5 billion years ago triggered a chain reaction. The center of the cloud attracted more dust as its gravitational force soared. The cloud increased its speed of rotation until it flattened into a disc rotating around a dense center. Temperatures at the core rose drastically as the cloud gathered enough energy to set off nuclear reactions. Eventually, the sun formed as hydrogen atoms joined to form helium, discharging huge amounts of energy in forceful eruptions.
The solar system formed two main groups of planets: the four rocky terrestrial planets closest to the sun and the four gaseous jovian planets farthest from the sun. The gaseous planets condensed at lower temperatures, hence their distance from the hot core of the solar system. The rocky and denser metallic materials formed the terrestrial planets because of their ability to condense at higher temperatures closer to the sun.Learn more about Astronomy
To build a model solar system, hang small circles representing the planets and sun from a larger circle. There should be eight small circles for the planets and one slightly larger circle in the center, for the sun.Full Answer >
Seventeenth-century astronomer Galileo Galilei is widely credited with convincing major church leaders and prominent scientists that the sun, not the Earth, was the center of the solar system. Galileo was the first astronomer to study astronomy with a telescope, which helped him validate Nicolaus Copernicus' early 16th-century heliocentric theories.Full Answer >
Comets are made up of collections of ice, dust and rocky particles that are leftover from the formation of the solar system 4.6 billion years ago. Comets range in length from a few kilometers to tens of kilometers. The nuclei are comprised of frozen gases such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane and ammonia.Full Answer >
Our solar system is referred to simply as the Solar System. That is its name because it is a heliocentric model in which all planets in the system revolve about the sun.Full Answer >