C3 plants use C3 photosynthesis which uses CO2 in a 3-carbon compound and C4 plants use C4 photosynthesis which incorporates the CO2 in a 4-carbon compound. These compounds represent different types of sugar.Know More
Photosynthesis is the process of combining light and nutrients of the soil to create energy plants can use. C3 and C4 photosynthesis go about this process differently. Most plants are C3 types. The advantage with C3 photosynthesis is that it is more efficient than the C4 variety under normal light conditions since it requires fewer enzymes. C3 plants use C2, or Carbon.
Dioxide is used to create the 3-carbon compound G3P in order to produce usable energy. The higher CO2 concentration in C4 plants means that the stomata, the gas exchange part of the plant, do not need to open up to get any more, so less water is lost. C4 uses CO2 to create the 4-carbon compound oxaloacetate instead. C4 plants tend to do better in high oxygen environments. C4 plants also go through photosynthesis faster than C3 plants when there is a lot of light and heat nearby. Additionally, C4 plants have much better water efficiency than the C3 variety since they don’t have to keep their stomata open as much.
There are several thousand different types of C4 species with 19 different plant families. Examples include corn, saltbush and many plants that thrive during the summer months.Learn more about Botany
ADP is an organic compound that is essential for the transfer of energy during photosynthesis. ADP is composed of a five carbon atom compound known as ribose, one adenosine molecule and two phosphate groups. It is formed by removing one phosphate from adenosine triphosphate, ATP.Full Answer >
Homeostasis in plants includes the regulation of carbon dioxide and water levels necessary to perform photosynthesis. Homeostasis in plants also allows plants cells to store the proper amount of water in their cells to help keep them from wilting and dying during times of drought.Full Answer >
Chlorophyll is a pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants that absorbs the wavelengths of light required to convert water and carbon dioxide into chemical energy during photosynthesis. Molecules of chlorophyll are arranged around the photosystems embedded in the chloroplasts' thylakoid membranes. There can be several hundred chlorophyll molecules per photosystem.Full Answer >
Temperature affects photosynthesis by allowing plants to photosynthesize (i.e., build up) and respire (i.e., break down) when there is optimum daytime temperature. It also enables plants to curtail the rate of respiration at a cooler night. With high temperatures, respiration increases and the products of photosynthesis are used faster than they are produced.Full Answer >