An element is made of only one kind of atom, while a compound contains the atoms of two or more elements. For example, gold is made of only one kind of atom, so it is an element, but water is a mix of hydrogen and oxygen, so it is a compound.
Simply put, the difference between elements and compounds is that elements are made of only one thing, but compounds are made of more than one thing. Compounds are made of different elements. Elements can be found listed on the periodic table of the elements; these are substances that can not be broken down into simpler parts. If broken down to a single atom, sodium would still be sodium, but sodium chloride (aka salt), a compound of sodium and chlorine, would either be a single atom of sodium or a single atom of chlorine.
One way that students can remember the difference between these two things is to look at their name and think about what that word implies. Compounds are made of component elements, while elements are elemental — natural and simple on their own. Compounds are made of different kinds of atoms that are chemically joined, as if they've been pounded together.Learn More
A "rubber egg" is made by soaking a raw egg with its shell still intact in regular household vinegar for a specified length of time. In 2 to 3 days the egg shell will be completely dissolved by the vinegar, leaving behind the egg cell membrane, which will have taken on a rubbery consistency that holds the egg together.Full Answer >
The main difference between an element and a compound is that an element is made up of the same type of atom throughout while a compound is composed of multiple different elements. Both are pure chemical substances found in nature.Full Answer >
Strictly speaking, no element is named for a cleaning compound. Boron, however, is derived from the Arabic and Persian words for borax, the compound in which it's often found. Borax is a common component in many abrasives and other cleansers.Full Answer >
A compound is made up of two or more atoms that are bonded together chemically. Compounds can be separated into smaller components through chemical reactions. Water is an example of a compound because it is made from atoms of hydrogen and oxygen.Full Answer >