The difference between maritime and continental climate is that there is less of a temperature variation in a maritime climate, while in a continental climate the climate does fluctuate, such that summers can be hot and winters very cold. In a maritime climate, summers can be cool, and the winters are not very cold.
The reason for this is that maritime climates are located near the coast of water sources like the sea. Water bodies tend to retain their heat during winter, which causes temperature near coastal areas to be warmer in winter. Continental climate are found away from bodies of water, so temperature extremes between the summer and winter seasons are more noticeable.
Another difference in these two climate types is in the amount of precipitation. In maritime climates, precipitation amounts are greater than in continental climates because there is more moisture due to its location near a body of water.Learn More
Freshwater biomes often have warmer and wetter climates. The temperatures in freshwater biomes vary greatly depending on the area.Full Answer >
The five types of climates are tropical, dry, moderate or temperate, continental and polar. Climate is commonly classified using the Köppen Climate Classification Scheme, which divides climates into five distinct groups that include the letters A, B, C, D and E. This system classifies several types of climates and subtypes.Full Answer >
The countries with a predominantly equatorial climate are mainly those located within 5 to 10 degrees of latitude of the equator, according to Lord Wandsworth College. In these zones, day and night are both 12 hours long, and the annual temperature range is very narrow. Steady temperatures and high precipitation make the equatorial zone home to the tropical rainforest climate that promotes plant growth.Full Answer >
Continental climate characteristics include cold winters, hot summers and little rainfall. Continental climate areas are transitional zones between polar and mild climates that experience extreme annual variations in temperature and seasonal changes, according to National Geographic. These areas don’t have large water bodies nearby, states Wikipedia.Full Answer >