The distinction between the two terms is primarily that organic compounds contain carbon, while almost all inorganic compounds do not. There are, however, some inorganic compounds that still contain carbon, such as carbon dioxide. Almost all organic compounds contain carbon-hydrogen bonds, and, as of 2014, some scientists have recommended that this requirement be included in the definition of organic compounds.
Sciences360 explains that this distinction is not a formal scientific classification but rather just a useful categorization of carbon-based compounds. Molecules that make up the parts of living things, the building blocks of life, such as proteins, fats, sugars and enzymes, are considered organic molecules. These complex organic compounds are based on carbon because it has the unique ability among the elements to form up to four different covalent bonds per atom and essentially bond with other carbon atoms indefinitely. This property allows it to form compounds with an almost limitless variety in structure.
Another distinction is that, when compared with organic compounds, inorganic molecules are often far simpler in their composition. Table salt, for example, is an inorganic compound made up of one sodium and one chlorine atom, while one of the most complex organic molecules is human DNA, a compound that can be thousands of atoms long.Learn More
The main difference between organic and inorganic matter is organic compounds contain carbon and carbon-hydrogen bonds, while most inorganic compounds do not contain carbon. Organic compounds are produced by and are associated with living organisms. Inorganic compounds are created by non-living natural processes or human intervention.Full Answer >
The main difference between carbon-12 and carbon-14 is the number of neutrons present in each compound. Carbon-12 has six neutrons, while carbon-14 has eight neutrons, explains About.com. The differing number of neutrons is responsible for numerous differences between the two compounds.Full Answer >
An enzyme is in the class of organic compounds or molecules known as proteins or polypeptides. Enzymes play a role in reactions at the cellular level.Full Answer >
Olive oil is a mixture of organic compounds, making it impossible to provide a single chemical formula to represent it. The method of extracting the oil from the olives, along with the variety and ripeness of olive used, affect composition.Full Answer >