The difference between a tendon and a ligament is that a tendon connects muscle to bone, while a ligament connects two bones. Tendons let your muscles move bones, whereas ligaments stabilize joints.Know More
Both tendons and ligaments are fibrous tissues designed to connect parts of your body. This tissue is tougher and less flexible for tendons and stringier and more elastic for ligaments. However, both tendons and ligaments require some degree of flexibility to accommodate movement; rigid tendons and ligaments would prevent basic body movements.
When tendons and ligaments are stretched beyond their basic capacity, they become damaged. For tendons, this can result in tendonitis, which occurs when the tendon becomes torn. This damage causes the tissue of the tendon to inflame while it heals; as a result, tendonitis causes swelling and soreness, as well as temporary loss of muscle function.
Ligaments also suffer damage when stretched beyond their limits. As with tendons, this can result in tears of the tissue. Ligament tears weaken the joint and threaten its integrity. For example, tears of the anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, in a person's knee are fairly common among athletes. This tear destabilizes the knee, and requires many months, and sometimes surgery, to heal.Learn more about Muscles
The peroneus brevis tendon is attached to the peroneus brevis muscle, or fibularis brevis, a flexor muscle responsible for plantar flexion of the foot. This action results in the movement of the ball of the foot outwards, in relation to the body.Full Answer >
According to Medline Plus, MCL stands for medial collateral ligament. The MCL is located on the inside of a human knee. It connects the lower, inner surface of the thigh bone to the upper, inner surface of the shin bone. It also prevents the knee from bending inward.Full Answer >
In medical terminology, the acronym ACL stands for anterior cruciate ligament, which is a major ligament found in the knee. The ACL is located at the center of the knee and is one of four ligaments that join the femur with the tibia.Full Answer >
The nuchal ligament is a ligament located in the back of the neck that extends from the base of the skull to the upper back. It is found in most mammals, though many animals, aside from humans and ungulates like sheep and cattle, do not have a well-developed nuchal ligament.Full Answer >