Major differences between hurricanes and tornadoes are their formation method, location, appearance, wind speed and method of inflicting damage. Major similarities are that they form during storm conditions and are very powerful and destructive, watches and warnings are issued through weather services and they both have a set season every year.
Hurricanes form over warm water in the ocean and are fueled by the tropics' warm, moist air. Tornadoes form above land through cool polar air masses meeting warm air masses. Hurricanes appear as very large, rain-pouring wind storms that revolve around a central “eye.” Tornadoes appear as rapidly rotating columns of wind that have made contact with the ground.
A high wind speed for a hurricane is 160 miles per hour, while a high wind speed for a tornado is 300 miles per hour. Hurricanes cause damage with strong winds and torrential rains, while tornadoes inflict damage with extremely strong winds. Hurricanes move slowly and cause damage over an enormous area. Tornadoes move more quickly, often erratically, and cause concentrated damage in smaller areas than hurricanes.
Both hurricanes and tornadoes form during storm conditions that involve warm air. Both hurricanes and tornadoes have storm watches and warnings issued when the conditions are likely to produce or have produced a storm, but because of the unpredictable nature of tornadoes, there is much less warning time for people to find shelter.Learn More
According to NASA, the primary method of categorizing hurricanes is by sustained wind speed. When a tropical disturbance forms, it may grow into a tropical depression, tropical storm or a hurricane, depending on how strong its winds become. If a storm reaches hurricane strength, meteorologists may place it in one of five categories depending on its wind speeds. A storm's categorization may change many times during its lifespan.Full Answer >
Hurricanes form over the Atlantic or Pacific Ocean near the Equator when the surrounding water is at least 80 degrees Fahrenheit, according to SciJinks. The term "hurricane" typically refers to tropical storms in the Western Hemisphere, but similar weather conditions occur worldwide and are known as tropical cyclones or typhoons.Full Answer >
Hurricanes occur because during the summer months, warm air over the ocean rises to leave an area of low pressure, into which cool air immediately flows. This air too warms up and rises, and new pockets of cool air take its place. As the cycle repeats itself, the warm air eventually cools far above the surface to create clouds, and a hurricane can form.Full Answer >
Some games about hurricanes include Create-a-Cane, Aim a Hurricane and Stop Disasters. Each game focuses on a different aspect of hurricanes, from their creation, to their movement, to their effects on humans.Full Answer >