Modern physics recognizes four fundamental types of interaction between particles: the strong force, the weak force, electromagnetism and gravity. Each force acts in a distinct way over distance, and all operate at different energy values.Know More
The strong force is a residual effect of the color force carried by particles called gluons. Protons are made from smaller particles called quarks, which have a quality known as color. Quarks with different colors are held together by gluons, with the side effect that protons adhere to each other despite their mutually-repulsive positive charges.
The strong force is thus strong enough to overcome electromagnetic repulsion over distances equivalent to the diameter of an atomic nucleus. The weak force is about 10^-16 the strength of the strong force and works to change one type of quark into another. It governs the emission of radiation from a decaying atom, and it is responsible for the buildup of heavy atomic nuclei. The weak force is carried by a type of particle called a boson and works over ranges of 0.1 percent of the diameter of a single proton.
Electromagnetism is familiar to most people, if only because it works over potentially infinite range and is carried by photons. Gravity is, by far, the weakest force, but it also works over infinite distance and is always attractive, so its effects compound with mass and proximity. Gravity is the major force shaping large systems, such as galaxies.Learn more about Motion & Mechanics
Coplanar forces are forces on a single plane. This means that all points of application are inside that plane and that all forces are running parallel to that plane.Full Answer >
Motion is defined as the action of changing position or location. Motion, along with force and energy, are concepts relevant to mechanics, a subject of physics. Within mechanics, there is a more specific field of study called kinematics, and this is the most basic level of mechanics.Full Answer >
In the realm of physics, magnitude refers to size or quantity alone. When it comes to movement, magnitude refers to the speed at which an object is traveling or its size.Full Answer >
The secret behind the curveball is the grip the pitcher uses when he releases the ball. A proper curveball grip is between the pitcher's thumb and his index and middle fingers. The middle finger must rest on the seam of the ball. To effectively produce the spin of the curveball, snap your wrist when releasing the ball. The spin causes air to flow differently over the ball than underneath.Full Answer >