Cell growth and reproduction is guided by the genetic code present in the DNA strands of the cell. These DNA strands form genes, which are packaged in chromosomesKnow More
Reproduction can be either sexual or asexual. In asexual reproduction, a single set of genetic information is replicated in an identical cell. The first step is the copying of a second set of chromosomes identical to the first in the cell nucleus. These two set then latch onto opposing sides of the cell. The cell membrane on these opposing sides continues to constrict until the cell is cleaved down the middle. This method of reproduction produces an offspring that is a perfect clone of the organism. It is the only means of reproduction in single-celled organisms. Some multicellular organisms, such as starfish, can also reproduce this way.
Sexual reproduction results from the joining of two specialized reproductive cells, such as sperm and ova. The advantage of this form of reproduction is that it introduces a larger pool of genetic diversity, as the offspring has two sets of DNA instead of the single set that is copied in asexual reproduction. Reproduction through sexual means involves the cells undergoing a complex replication and division process called mitosis.Learn more about Cells
A tomato cell is any cell from a tomato plant, though generally cells from the fruit rather than the roots or leaves are meant. Tomato cells are frequently used in lab classes to introduce biology students to the principles of microscopy and to familiarize them with plant cell anatomy.Full Answer >
The nucleolus of a cell is part of the production of ribosomes and contains the cell's RNA, one of the vital building blocks that tells the cell what it is. Ribosomes generate proteins that are needed for the basic functions of living cells. Cells have a roughly spherical shape, which coincides with the rounded shape of the nucleolus.Full Answer >
RNA is important to cells because it relays information encoded in DNA to tiny organs within the cell, called ribosomes, which produce protein according to the RNA's instructions. RNA is thus vital to the basic functioning of the cell.Full Answer >
The cell membrane is a flexible membrane that surrounds all eukaryotic cells. The membrane holds all of the organelles inside of the cell and keeps certain solutes from coming into or leaving the cell.Full Answer >