Some disadvantages of nuclear fusion energy include high costs of production, a long period of planning and development, the raw material is scarce, the risk to national security and risk of radiation. Nuclear fusion also emits a lot of heat energy that may be difficult to contain.Know More
Some advantages associated with nuclear fusion include high power production and less carbon emission. There are also several disadvantages to this form of power generation as detailed below.
Risk of accidents
When certain accidents happen within a nuclear power generation plant, risks such as radiation are likely to occur. Radiation may cause adverse effects on humans, animals and the environment.
The duration of time taken to plan and develop a nuclear plant is quite long. In most cases it takes between 10 to 30 years to plan and complete a nuclear fusion energy plant.
The amount of money that goes into the development of a nuclear plant is high. Most countries are therefore unable to build nuclear plants and are forced to rely on other forms of power generation.
The raw materials used in nuclear fusion are fairly scarce and can only be found in certain countries. This means other countries must rely on those with the raw materials for nuclear power generation.Learn more about Particle Physics
There are two types of nuclear energy: fission and fusion. Fission occurs when a single atom is split, releasing a burst of energy and particles. Fusion occurs when two atoms combine to form one or more new atoms. Fission fuels modern nuclear reactors, while fusion powers the sun.Full Answer >
According to the World Nuclear Association, as of April 2014, 31 countries derive some of their electrical power from nuclear energy. Furthermore, 56 countries have nuclear reactors dedicated to scientific research. All total there are 430 commercial power-generating nuclear plants, 240 research reactors and 180 nuclear power plants providing electricity for ships at sea.Full Answer >
Nuclear force is the force that holds the particles of atomic nuclei, protons and neutrons, together. It is a fundamental force able to overcome the electric force that would otherwise force the nucleus apart within extremely small distances. Unlike the electrical force, the nuclear force reduces extremely quickly with distance, dropping to zero before it interacts with the atom's own electrons.Full Answer >
A nuclear chain reaction is a series of fission reactions wherein the products become the driving forces for further chain reactions. This type of reaction generates constructive forces in the form of usable energy and destructive forces in the form of an explosion.Full Answer >