Ecotourism can bring needed funds to conservation efforts around the globe, but it can also put stress on wildlife and local populations, if not handled correctly. The more visitors a fragile ecosystem has each year, the more likely the traffic is to damage habitats and affect the local environment. Ecotourism can also bring outside investment and development to a region at the cost of local jobs and infrastructure.Know More
One major disadvantage to ecotourism is that it often converts the local economy to a tourist economy, stifling the area's natural economic prospects in favor of servicing wealthy foreigners. This can destroy local industry and agriculture as workers find better wages serving guests and can lead to an economic downward spiral. An outside influx of cash can offset this somewhat, but it makes the local economy entirely dependent on foreign funds, which is a precarious economic situation.
Tourism departments must strike a balance between access to rare wildlife and protection of endangered plants and animals. If tourists cannot see rare habitats and their occupants, there is no reason to visit the area, but too much traffic can have a negative effect. If poorly regulated, local guides may offer visitors the chance to bypass regulated activities, possibly harming the animals at the center of the ecotourism industry.Learn more in Human Impact
The major drawback of industrial mining is the damage mining operations cause to the environment. Removal of large areas of topsoil can destroy habitats, and the chemicals used in mining operations can leach into the groundwater and pollute the area. Air pollution and radioactive pollution are other possible downsides.Full Answer >
A major disadvantage to burying trash in landfills is the potential to pollute surrounding soil and groundwater with toxins and leachate. When trash decomposes, it releases methane and other greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change and may also cause health problems to humans and animals.Full Answer >
The major disadvantages of whaling include the potential extinction of some whale species, the unsafe levels of mercury that whale meat can contain and the potential harm to ecosystems that removing whales can cause. In addition, whale watching is a lucrative business in many parts of the world, and whaling could have an impact on that activity, according to Nature Publishing Group.Full Answer >
The Oregon Forest Resources Institute lists minimizing forest floor and soil disturbance, greater efficiency and economy for timber harvesting, and providing full-sun conditions for certain types of species as the advantages of clear cutting. The disadvantages of clear cutting are numerous and include a poor aesthetic, habitat disturbance, and increased stream flow and soil erosion, particularly on slopes.Full Answer >