Q:

What are disadvantages of fossil fuels?

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Quick Answer

Disadvantages of fossil fuels include contributions to global warming, environmental pollution and their finite supply. Fossil fuels, which include coal, oil and natural gas, are the primary source of energy in the United States, accounting for 85 percent of the country's fuel usage, as of 2014.

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Full Answer

Global warming is one of the most destructive effects of fossil fuels. When fossil fuels are burned, carbon dioxide is released, which traps heat in Earth's atmosphere and contributes to global warming. Fossil fuels have caused carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere to rise by more than 25 percent over the past 150 years.

Fossil fuels are also a significant source of air pollution, producing pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and sulfur oxides. Carbon monoxide is a by-product of the combustion of fossil fuels, which occurs primarily due to the use of automobiles. The extraction, production and transportation of fossil fuels can also cause significant land and water pollution. Oil spills, for example, can wreak havoc on ocean habitats and marine life, while coal mining can contribute to river pollution.

Finally, fossil fuels are non-renewable resources, meaning that their supply is limited and they will eventually cease to exist. Fossil fuel scarcity could cause huge economic and social problems in the future.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why do we use fossil fuels?

    A:

    Fossil fuels are utilized because they are abundant and easy to use. They make modern living and the development and technology possible. Fossil fuel by-products are used to produce electricity and manufacture medicines, synthetic fibers, plastics and cosmetics.

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  • Q:

    What are the four fossil fuels?

    A:

    Four types of fossil fuels include the traditional fossil fuels of oil, coal and natural gas, and a third propriety fuel developed by British Petroleum known as Orimulsion. Fossil fuels are found within the Earth and are used to produce energy.

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  • Q:

    How do fossil fuels produce energy?

    A:

    Fossil fuels are natural fuels made up of decomposed organic materials that are typically burned to produce steam to turn a turbine, which then produces AC power through a generator. Fossil Fuel energy plants burn either coal, oil or gas in specifically designed combustion chambers to produce the steam.

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  • Q:

    What form of energy is stored in fossil fuels?

    A:

    Fossil fuels store sunlight, which derives from plants using energy from the sun for photosynthesis. This light energy remains dormant in fossil fuels and dates back many years. Fossil fuels release this energy upon activation, such as burning.

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