The major disadvantages of whaling include the potential extinction of some whale species, the unsafe levels of mercury that whale meat can contain and the potential harm to ecosystems that removing whales can cause. In addition, whale watching is a lucrative business in many parts of the world, and whaling could have an impact on that activity, according to Nature Publishing Group.Know More
A major problem with whaling centers on the impact to whale populations. For example, gray whales have been extinct in the Atlantic for hundreds of years. It is also believed that there may be as few as 4 percent of the total population of blue whales that lived before exploitation began.
Fewer whales can also have an impact on the ecosystem. When a whale dies, its body sinks to the bottom of the ocean. On the ocean floor, a whale's body provides food to many different creatures that normally do not have access to such an abundant food supply.
While many proponents of whaling claim that the practice creates jobs and puts money into the economy, it also has the potential to damage a country's economy. It has been estimated that marine tourism related to whale watching could generate $413 million each year. In addition, whale meat, which is one source of income from whaling, can contain dangerous levels of mercury and lead to mercury poisoning.Learn more about Human Impact
Many human activities cause pollution, habitat destruction and climate change, all of which are destructive to ecosystems. According to the World Wildlife Fund, the use of pesticides and fertilizers on farms has increased 26-fold over the last 50 years, which has caused increased damage to streams, rivers, lakes and the world’s oceans. Fertilizers are toxic to many types of aquatic life and they alter the chemistry of local waters.Full Answer >
Poaching, the illegal hunting and harvesting of animals, has a devastating effect on both the individual species and on entire ecosystems and local communities. Additionally, continued poaching encourages and supports the black market and organized crime organizations that thrive on victimizing animals.Full Answer >
Technology negatively affects the environment by compromising human health and safety, endangering natural ecosystems and biodiversity, having a cumulative impact on global systems, and depleting natural resources. Technology positively affects the environment through the application of environmental science to solve problems caused by human environmental impact.Full Answer >
Plastic poses several environmental risks, including leaching chemicals and toxins into surrounding ecosystems, threatening the health of local animal populations and releasing greenhouse gases into the air. The negative effects of plastic vary depending on the type of plastic in the environment, quantity and length of exposure time. Plastics contain compounds, such as PVC and BPA, elements deemed a health risk to humans and animals while the leaching of these compounds into air and waterways poses a health and safety risk for nearby organisms.Full Answer >