The cytoplasm was discovered in 1835 by three biologists, George E Palade, Albert Claude and Christian de Duve. It was Robert Hooke who discovered the cell in 1831 and laid down the fundamentals for the study of the cell.
The cytoplasm is a dense, jelly-like substance found in every cell. The function of the cytoplasm is to provide structure and form to the cell. It allows nutrients to flow in and out of the cell. The cytoplasm allows the various cell organelles, such as the mitochondria and the ribosomes, to anchor in the cell.
The nucleus lies in the center of the cytoplasm and plays a very important role during cell division.Learn More
In the cells of eukaryotic organisms, the subunits that will become ribosomes are produced within the subnuclear structure called the nucleolus, and the subunits then combine in the cell's cytoplasm to become functioning ribosomes. Because the ribosomes are the protein manufacturers of a cell, the size of the nucleolus can take up as much as 25 percent of the volume of the nucleus in cells that require large amounts of protein. Most eukaryotic cells contain only one nucleolus, but certain species can contain several.Full Answer >
According to the Georgia Tech biology website, fermentation occurs in the cytoplasm of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Fermentation occurs after gycolysis, which is the breakdown of glucose into pyruvate, and is necessary to regenerate NAD+ molecules so that the cell can continue to make ATP.Full Answer >
To make a 3D plant cell model with play clay, make organelles with clay of different colors, each wrapped in white clay that stands for the cytoplasm. The last two wrapping layers are the membrane and the cell wall.Full Answer >
The ribosomes in the cytoplasm are the sites of protein translation in the cell. Translation refers to taking a copy of messenger RNA, or mRNA, and making a protein from the code.Full Answer >