The cytoplasm was discovered in 1835 by three biologists, George E Palade, Albert Claude and Christian de Duve. It was Robert Hooke who discovered the cell in 1831 and laid down the fundamentals for the study of the cell.Know More
The cytoplasm is a dense, jelly-like substance found in every cell. The function of the cytoplasm is to provide structure and form to the cell. It allows nutrients to flow in and out of the cell. The cytoplasm allows the various cell organelles, such as the mitochondria and the ribosomes, to anchor in the cell.
The nucleus lies in the center of the cytoplasm and plays a very important role during cell division.Learn more in Cells
The nucleus controls protein synthesis in a cell's cytoplasm in the sense that the genetic codes contained in the nucleus determine the sequence of amino acids that are assembled to build the proteins. This is the only aspect of protein assembly directly controlled by the nucleus, while other mechanisms and structures in the cell are responsible for detecting which proteins are needed. The nucleus serves as a protein code database.Full Answer >
The difference between protoplasm and cytoplasm is that the former encompasses the cytoplasm and nucleus of a cell, whereas cytoplasm is the semifluid substance found below the membrane of the cell. This means that the difference is minor, as both terms can refer to roughly the same components of a cell with different levels of precision.Full Answer >
The jelly-like substance found within a cell is cytoplasm, sometimes referred to as cytosol. Cytoplasm has several functions, including moving materials around in the cell and dissolving cellular waste.Full Answer >
An Elodea cell consists of a semi-permeable cell wall, which contains a membrane, enveloping the cytoplasm, in which a nucleus, vacuole, chloroplasts and mitochondria are located. Some of these structures can be clearly seen under a compound microscope.Full Answer >