The cytoplasm was discovered in 1835 by three biologists, George E Palade, Albert Claude and Christian de Duve. It was Robert Hooke who discovered the cell in 1831 and laid down the fundamentals for the study of the cell.Know More
The cytoplasm is a dense, jelly-like substance found in every cell. The function of the cytoplasm is to provide structure and form to the cell. It allows nutrients to flow in and out of the cell. The cytoplasm allows the various cell organelles, such as the mitochondria and the ribosomes, to anchor in the cell.
The nucleus lies in the center of the cytoplasm and plays a very important role during cell division.Learn more about Cells
The cell membrane is a semipermeable lipid bilayer that surrounds the cytoplasm of all cells. In animal cells, it is the outermost layer of the cell. In plants, fungi and some bacteria, a cell wall surrounds the cell membrane to form the cell's outermost layer.Full Answer >
The ribosomes in the cytoplasm are the sites of protein translation in the cell. Translation refers to taking a copy of messenger RNA, or mRNA, and making a protein from the code.Full Answer >
Fermentation takes place in the cell's cytoplasm. In prokaryotic cells, all metabolic processes take place in the cytoplasm; in eukaryotic cells, only fermentation takes place in the cytoplasm. Other forms of respiration in eukaryotes take place in the mitochondria.Full Answer >
Translation occurs in the cell, specifically in the cytoplasm. Translation is one of many steps in the creation of protein which is needed to fuel the body.Full Answer >