Who discovered vacuoles?
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Q:

Who discovered vacuoles?

A:

Quick Answer

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek of the Netherlands discovered the vacuole in 1676. Van Leeuwenhoek is referred to as the father of microbiology because he was the first scientist to study bacteria under a microscope. He made many additional important discoveries in microbiology and made improvements to microscopes.

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Full Answer

Vacuoles are tiny organisms present in all cells. They consist of chambers filled with fluids or solids. Their structure changes depending on the requirements of the cell. They are more prominent in cells of plants than in animals and bacteria. Purposes of the vacuole include regulating waste, maintaining pH balance and assisting plants with supporting their leaves and other structures.

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    Are plants prokaryotic or eukaryotic?

    A:

    Plants are eukaryotes, with their DNA contained in a membrane-bound nucleus along with other membrane-bound organelles, such as mitochondria, chloroplasts and vacuoles. Their chloroplasts give them the ability to generate energy and carbohydrates from water, sunlight and carbon dioxide.

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    What is the function of the vacuole?

    A:

    The function of the vacuole depends on the type of cell in which it is found. One of the main functions of the vacuole is to isolate materials that might be harmful to the cell.

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    What does a vacuole contain?

    A:

    A vacuole contains a fluid-filled sac that stores salts, water, minerals, nutrients, pigments and proteins within a membrane barrier called a tonoplast. Vacuoles can also contain waste products that make a plant taste bitter to animals.

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  • Q:

    Who discovered bacteria?

    A:

    Antony van Leeuwenhoek is credited for the discovery of bacteria, according to the University of California Museum of Paleontology website. He wrote of tiny living animals moving prettily in 1683 in reference to microorganisms he observed from the plaque between his own teeth.

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